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What is CBD? Everything You Need to Know

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What is CBD

CBD is taking the world by storm. It has blossomed in popularity to become a worldwide phenomenon. But just what is this supposedly miraculous compound? Where does it come from and what does it do? What is CBD?

The abbreviation “CBD” is short for the word cannabidiol. It’s part of a class of compounds known as cannabinoids.

There are all sorts of cannabinoids, including many which are produced in the human body as part of what is known as the endo-cannabinoid system, where they act as essential neurotransmitters used to send messages between the cells in your body.

You can find cannabinoids in all sorts of biological systems. But the most famous is their namesake: the cannabis plant. Cannabis plants are rich in cannabinoids and these intriguing compounds are the main source of the many medicinal and recreational effects attributed to the cannabis plant.

The Effects of CBD

effects of cbd oil

The cannabis plant has a long history of use dating back to ancient civilizations. 

Records reaching back as 2,737 BCE record humanity’s knowledge of the useful properties of cannabis, when a Chinese emperor and pharmacologist noted that cannabis could help with ailments including constipation and gout. Other records indicate that ancient Egyptians also used cannabis to ease the troubles of common ailments, as well as cultures in India and Ancient Greece. Evidence has placed humanity’s use of cannabis as far back as 5,000 years based on evidence from modern-day Romania.

Although the modern view of cannabis has focused largely on the recreational effects of smoking marijuana, the idea of cannabis as a health supplement is experiencing something of a modern renaissance, especially with mounting evidence on the benefits of CBD.

CBD does not have the powerful psychoactive effects of its more infamous cousin THC. THC is the main compound responsible for the intoxicating “high” associated with recreational marijuana usage. 

Since it produces no impairment, CBD can be taken as a daily or as-needed supplement. It can help ease the burden of common ailments and mounting evidence from modern scientific research suggests that CBD’s effects are very real.

How CBD Is Made

how cbd is made

CBD products are made from an extract of cannabis plants. The recent surge in CBD’s popularity traces its origins back to a piece of United States legislation signed into law in 2018.

Known as the 2018 Farm Bill, this legislation made it legal for farmers to grow a specific type of cannabis known as “hemp.” Hemp is defined as any cannabis plant containing 0.3% or less THC, making it distinct from marijuana.

Under the provisions of the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp plants and their extract can be legally grown, processed, and sold. This opened the floodgates for CBD products -- previously illegal to grow, sell, or possess under restrictive marijuana prohibition laws -- to make their way to market.

Making CBD starts with the hemp plant. Specific varieties of hemp are bred and selected for their high CBD content. These plants are then processed with an extraction method such as CO2 extraction, where the plant matter is removed and the essential oils, waxes, and resins are refined into a product known as hemp extract.

High CBD hemp extract can be sold as “Full Spectrum CBD Oil,” or processed further to yield pure CBD.

Products containing pure CBD are sold as “CBD Isolate,” while hemp oil with high concentrations of CBD is sold as “Full Spectrum CBD.”

Full Spectrum CBD products still contain traces of other organic compounds from the hemp plant, such as terpenes, amino acids, and other cannabinoids. 

While those interested in taking nothing but CBD can seek out CBD Isolate products, many prefer Full Spectrum CBD oil. Some research has suggested that many of the medicinal properties of cannabis are the result of a so-called “entourage effect,” wherein the various cannabinoids found in the plant act to complement each other, creating a synergistic effect which boosts their efficacy. 

Hemp Oil versus Hemp Extract

Hemp Oil vs Hemp Extract

As we outlined above, Full Spectrum CBD Oil is simply a form of hemp extract with a high CBD concentration.

However, you may occasionally come across another product on the market known as hemp oil. While this might seem quite similar to hemp extract, it is in fact dramatically different.

Hemp oil is created using hemp seeds, not hemp plants. Hemp oil is composed mostly of dietary fats and does not contain cannabinoids like CBD. 

It’s more accurate to call hemp oil hempseed oil, but it will often be labeled as simply “hemp oil.” 

While hempseed oil may have some beneficial properties of its own, it should not be confused with CBD oil.

Interestingly, many CBD tinctures rely on hempseed oil as a “carrier oil” which is mixed with hemp extract to produce a tincture. This can add some extra confusion, but don’t be fooled! Hempseed oil isn’t essential for the beneficial properties of CBD tinctures at all. In fact, many tinctures, such as tinctures available here at Sabaidee instead use a different carrier oil such as coconut or peppermint oil.

How To Get CBD Oil

how to get cbd oil

Interested in trying some CBD to see for yourself just what it can do?

You’ve come to the right place! With just a few quick clicks, you can order CBD oil online and have it delivered directly to your door. In just a few short days, you can start reaping the benefits of CBD supplements for yourself!

Join the tens of thousands of users across the globe who use CBD every day to fight common ailments, improve general health, boost their mood, and be all they can be with the help of CBD.

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